At the beginning of this century, many new writers emerged with the introduction of many new ideas. Among them, Jack London was the most popular one.
His most famous novel is the call of the wild . Although it is a story about a dog, Buck, it vividly depicts the life in the primitive North where people rushed for gold and fortune.
Buck, used to belong to a judge, was kidnapped and sold to North. Then he became a member of a dog-team pulling a sled . In the days of pulling a snow-sled, he learned to conform to the law of nature and obey the master. Finally, he found a basic instinct hidden inside him, which enabled himself to survive the tough environment. This is the call of the wild.
When you read the story, you will feel that Buck is a man instead of a dog, struggling with his fortune and conforming to the law of nature.
Though short, it is really a thrilling story. What you never forget is the tough life in the nature, the brave and crafty dog. Maybe the wild is calling you to go ahead.
While writing for only 16 years throughout his life, London produced an amazing body of work among which, White Fang, Martin Eden, the Valley of the Moon are representative.
In the 19th century ,the west of America was under cultivation .Hundreds of adventurers were moving to the west .At the same time ,it was said that gold had been found in large quantity in Northern California ,so thousands of people went to the west for gold .There were so many people ,but in the freezing cold North ,transportation was the biggest problem .At such situation ,dogs and sleds was the best choice ,so in the North ,dogs and sleds was the main transport tools then .Of course ,millions of dogs were needed urgently ,from then on ,there were plenty of dogs like Buck began their unfortunate difficult journey life.
The author Jack London was one of the members who went to the North for gold ,he went through the hardships of the journey himself ,witnessed the cruel and miserable life of dogs .According to his this experience ,the story of buck came into being.
Main idea of the story
There was a dog named Buck ,who lived a comfortable and pleasant life at a Judge Miller ‘s house in the warm South .Here ,Buck was a leader ,he in charge of Judge ‘s house ,took care of Judge ‘s grandchildren and ruled others dogs .We can say Buck had a happy time here . However ,Buck ‘s misfortune was coming .But Buck did not that at all.
One day ,a gardener who worked for Judge took Buck out of the house when there were no people in home and sold Buck to a dog smuggler in secret .From then on ,Buck set foot on his miserable life .He was transferred from one to anther and under a bad condition all day ,he suffered from hunger ,cold ,various harm and pain .Sometimes ,Buck was beaten black and blue by human being .At the same time ,Buck must fight with other dog in order to stay alive ,finally ,Buck became very strong and made himself the leader of the whole dog team .life was always going on like this for o while .Once during a journey ,Buck was nearly dead ,then he met his master Jhon Thorton .Thorton was a perfect person who came to Buck ‘s rescue and Buck deeply loved him forever .But one day ,Thorton was killed by Indians ,Buck lost his lover and he became nothing then .Finally ,Buck responded the call of the wild and became a wolf ,lived an early wild life as his ancestors .
From loyal dog to cruel wolf ,there were several important things in Buck ‘ life .
The law of club given by the man of red sweater
Buck just entered the Northen society ,he knew nothing about the world ,he behaved on his nature completely ,the man of red sweater gave him a club and let him know obeydience ,Buck learned this lesson for his whole life .
Buck was very angry after his terrible experience ,he resisted stubbornly and treated the man in red sweater as enemy .(in fact ,the man was ) and was going to fight with him .But the short man of red sweater was more stronger .At the man ‘s club ,Buck was almost beaten to death .It was the first time that Buck had been hit by a man ,he was greatly frightened .However ,Buck was beaten ,not broken ,he had learned an important lesson and would never forget it .In his later life ,when such situation appeared ,Buck reacted immediately and got rid of quickly .Here we can say that Buck was clever but and wise ,he learned quickly from what he had experience and others .That is to say ,Buck has some learning spirit ,he could adapt everything rapidly and get less punishment .